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Yunju Temple (Fangshan District)

As a famous temple in Beijing area, Yunju Temple is 70 kilometers from the city. First built in Daxing Reign of the Sui Dynasty, this temple preserved large amount of Buddhist sutras made of stone, paper and wood, which are called Three Treasures of Yunju Temple. Monks in this temple had been carving Buddhist sutras for thousand year in six dynasties, and made out 14,278 pieces of 3,572 volumes from 1,122 Buddhist sutras which were preserved in nine caves in Shijing Mountain and in the underground palace of Yunju Temple. With these No. 1 Buddhist sutra carving works in the world, Yunju Temple is renowned as Dunhuang in Beijing and the Great Wall of Sutra. It is also called the Sea of Steles and Forest of Pagodas because of the well preserved pagodas, seven from the Dang Dynasty and five from the Liao Dynasty. In 1981, two pieces of sariras of Sakyamuni were discovered in Leiyin Cave in Shijing Mountain. These sariras are the only ones in the world buried in caves instead of being worshiped in dagobas, and along with the Buddha’s teeth in Badachu and the Buddha’s finger in Famen Temple, are considered Three Treasures of the nation. Yunju Temple was designated as No.1Tourist Attraction of the world in Beijing in 1992. It is a National AAAA Tourist Attraction, Municipal Scenic Area, and was prescribed on the Reserved List of World Cultural Heritage.

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